May 26, 2022
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Uncommon violins as soon as owned by famed virtuosos like Fritz Kreisler, Jascha Heifetz and Yehudi Menuhin have bought privately lately for as much as $20 million. The devices they performed usually bear their names, just like the “Earl of Plymouth” Stradivarius, which to burnish its fame, mystique and market worth is now additionally known as the “ex-Kreisler.”

Can Toscha Seidel work the identical advertising and marketing magic — though his fame got here principally from Hollywood relatively than the live performance corridor?

Musicians and collectors will know quickly. After a worldwide tour at present underway, the violin Seidel owned and performed, the “da Vinci” Stradivarius from 1714, can be bought by the net public sale home Tarisio, from Might 18 by means of June 9. It’s the first Stradivarius from the so-called golden age of violin making to be auctioned in a long time.

In contrast to most musical devices, over time all Stradivarius violins have acquired names, some relatively fanciful, like “the Sleeping Magnificence.” The “da Vinci” has no connection to Leonardo. As a advertising and marketing tactic, a vendor who bought three Stradivarius violins within the Nineteen Twenties named all of them after well-known Renaissance painters: along with the “da Vinci,” the “Titian” and the “Michaelangelo.”

The violin itself is of course a very powerful think about figuring out its worth, with devices made by the Stradivari, Amati and Guarneri households of Renaissance Italy commanding the best costs. Situation is one other essential consideration. However so, too, is the identification of its prior homeowners — its provenance.

Few could acknowledge Seidel’s title at this time. However he was so profitable by the Nineteen Twenties that he was in a position to purchase the “da Vinci” for $25,000 (over $400,000 at this time), a sale featured on the entrance web page of The New York Occasions on April 27, 1924. Seidel stated at the time he wouldn’t commerce the violin “for one million {dollars}” and thought of it his most treasured possession, including, “The tone is of excellent energy and sweetness.”

Seidel was so well-known in his heyday that George and Ira Gershwin wrote a comic book tune about him and three of his Russian Jewish friends: “Mischa, Sasha, Toscha, Jascha.” (“We’re 4 fiddlers three.”) Each studied in St. Petersburg with the eminent instructor Leopold Auer; and each emigrated to the USA after the upheavals of the Russian Revolution. They made their live performance debuts at Carnegie Corridor inside months of one another, to essential acclaim.

Albert Einstein took violin classes from Seidel, and collectively they carried out Bach’s Double Concerto for a fund-raiser. They sported thick shocks of unruly hair that strengthened the caricature of the long-haired musician, like Liszt.

Each Seidel and Heifetz settled in Los Angeles, the place the burgeoning film business paved the best way for Seidel’s success. By the Nineteen Thirties, he was surrounded there by a crowd of principally Jewish exiles from Nazi Germany and war-torn Europe. Amongst them had been the composers Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg and Erich Wolfgang Korngold.

Seidel performed the principal violin half in lots of Korngold’s celebrated movie scores, which included “A Midsummer Evening’s Dream,” “The Adventures of Robin Hood” (for which Korngold received an Academy Award) and “Anthony Opposed” (ditto). The 2 males recorded a violin and piano association of Korngold’s suite for “A lot Ado About Nothing,” with the composer at the piano.

Music administrators and composers sought out Seidel’s heat, wealthy tone. He was the concertmaster for the Paramount Studio Orchestra and performed the violin solos for MGM’s “The Wizard of Oz” and David Selznick’s “Intermezzo,” by which a famed violinist (performed by Leslie Howard) falls in love along with his accompanist (Ingrid Bergman).

“That we largely affiliate love scenes or depictions of the much less lucky in movies — or any scene evoking tears or sturdy feelings — with the sound of the violin is basically because of Seidel,” Adam Baer, a violinist and journalist, wrote in a 2017 article for The American Scholar. (Baer’s violin instructor studied with Seidel and insisted that his pupils hearken to recordings of Seidel performances.)

Although finest identified for his film work, Seidel additionally performed normal classical repertoire, soloing with orchestras and touring in recital. Within the Nineteen Thirties, he was heard by thousands and thousands of radio listeners because the musical director and a frequent soloist with CBS’s symphony orchestra. In 1934 he had his personal weekly broadcast on the community, “The Toscha Seidel Program.” (A number of recordings showcasing his lush sound are on YouTube, together with a 1945 recording of Chausson’s “Poème” with the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra led by Leopold Stokowski.)

“He was a singing violinist, influenced by the cantorial custom,” Baer stated in an interview. “He performed with as a lot depth of tone and emotional depth as anybody I’ve heard on disc.”

However Seidel by no means achieved Heifetz’s enduring worldwide fame. In Los Angeles, Heifetz typically referred to as on Seidel to play with him in string quartets, actually assuming the position of second fiddle.

Because the golden age of Hollywood pale, the studios deserted their in-house orchestras, relying as a substitute on freelancers. And as he aged, Seidel developed a neurological situation that progressively diminished his enjoying. This once-eminent violinist ended up in a pit orchestra in Las Vegas earlier than retiring to an avocado farm in California. He died in 1962, at 62, along with his violin by far his most dear possession.

That violin final bought at public sale in London in 1974 for 34,000 kilos (over $3 million at this time). It’s at present owned by the Japanese restaurant chain magnate Tokuji Munetsugu, who has amassed a set of uncommon string devices and sponsors an worldwide violin competitors in Japan. (Munetsugu, 73, has not stated why he’s promoting it.)

Movie music has been making its method into live performance halls, and the “Star Wars” and “Jaws” composer John Williams is arguably the most popular living American composer. However film scores and their principally nameless gamers have lengthy been largely shunned by the classical music elite.

May the “da Vinci” sale nonetheless set a document?

The “Girl Blunt” Stradivarius, as soon as owned by the granddaughter of Lord Byron, holds the present document for a violin bought at public sale. (Its 2011 sale, for $15.9 million, was additionally dealt with by Tarisio.) Just like the “Messiah” Stradivarius now owned by the British Museum, the “Girl Blunt” was infrequently performed, and stays in pristine situation.

Carlos Tome, a violinist and a co-owner of Tarisio, stated the public sale home has not printed an estimate for the “da Vinci.” Citing its rarity — a Stradivarius from the golden interval — its wonderful situation and its “distinctive Hollywood provenance,” he stated he expects it to promote within the $15 million to $20 million vary.

“It may set a document,” he stated, noting the emergence of a category of rich collectors for the reason that sale of the “Girl Blunt” a decade in the past. (Different sellers say there have since been a number of personal gross sales at costs over $20 million.)

Baer dismissed the notion that the Hollywood pedigree of the “da Vinci” may curb its worth at public sale. Whereas he conceded Seidel didn’t document probably the most intellectually rigorous music, he added that “the actual fact he was a Hollywood performer shouldn’t diminish the worth at all.”

“He was an amazing classical musician earlier than he got here to Hollywood,” Baer added. “And ‘The Wizard of Oz’ is a reasonably large deal.”

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