Greater than a yr after voters accredited legalizing marijuana for leisure use in Montana, anybody older than 21 can now enter a dispensary and purchase hashish. That has medical marijuana person Joylynn Mane Wright nervous.

Wright lives in Prairie County, the state’s fifth-least-populated county, with almost 1,100 folks. She already drives about 35 minutes to get to the marijuana dispensary nearest her dwelling, which is 2½ hours northeast of Billings. And now she wonders how rather more tough it is going to be to get the hashish she makes use of to alleviate the persistent ache she developed after a 2017 spinal surgical procedure.

“I’m actually nervous about provides and what it’s going to value,” she mentioned.

For Wright and the roughly 55,000 different Montanans who maintain medical marijuana playing cards and use hashish for most cancers, glaucoma, Crohn’s illness, central nervous system problems and different illnesses, the query is how will leisure marijuana have an effect on their capacity to entry their drugs.

Different states have had shortages quickly after their leisure marijuana markets opened. In January 2020, when leisure marijuana grew to become authorized in Illinois, some dispensaries had to close their doors or impose limits on purchases. The identical factor occurred in Colorado and Washington when the leisure market opened in these states.

Pepper Petersen president and CEO of the Montana Hashish Guild and a medical marijuana supplier in Helena, mentioned he’s been telling his sufferers to replenish as a result of he thinks the state’s dispensaries will run out of pot within the brief time period.

“We’re going to have hashish shortages. Entry can be an issue till provide can meet up with demand,” Petersen mentioned. “How can we produce sufficient product for hundreds of latest customers in January? The reply is we will’t.”

In Wright’s case, stocking up isn’t an possibility due to her mounted revenue, she mentioned. She wonders how excessive the value of a pre-rolled joint, which now prices almost $8, will rise and whether or not she’ll must drive even farther to get her drugs.

Jared Moffat, a marketing campaign supervisor for the Marijuana Coverage Mission, mentioned a state’s market normally takes six to 12 months to stabilize after leisure hashish turns into authorized. One cause marijuana markets are unstable is that possessing and distributing the drug stay unlawful underneath federal regulation, so transferring merchandise throughout state traces shouldn’t be an possibility for coping with a scarcity. Every thing that’s bought in a state should be grown in that state.

Including to the potential supply-chain downside is that Montana has restricted who can promote hashish, at the least initially. The laws that arrange the framework for Montana’s leisure marijuana market gave existing dispensaries an 18-month head start on new producers, that means newly licensed sellers can’t get into the market till July 2023.

That leaves medical marijuana clients to compete with leisure customers for a restricted provide of hashish.

About 80 dispensaries — simply 18% of Montana’s 451 licensed dispensaries — plan to solely serve holders of medical marijuana playing cards, based on Czelsi Gómez, spokesperson for the Montana Division of Income, which oversees the state’s marijuana applications. The remaining plan to cater to each leisure and medical customers or to solely leisure customers.

Some states which have legalized leisure hashish — together with New Jersey and Illinois — have required dispensaries to take care of sufficient inventory to make sure that medical customers can get what they want.

Montana has not instituted such a rule. However Gomez mentioned the 80 dispensaries that can serve solely medical marijuana customers will shield sufferers. “We imagine the medical-only institutions are the safeguard for making certain medical marijuana is accessible to registered cardholders,” Gomez mentioned.

Some dispensary homeowners mentioned they’ll reserve a few of their provides to make sure medical clients don’t run out. However others mentioned they don’t plan on holding again, arguing that might be dangerous for enterprise.

Barbie Turner, a co-owner of Various ReLeaf, a dispensary with places in Missoula, Polson and Libby, mentioned she is nervous about the place medical customers will get their hashish. She mentioned that if serving medical clients requires her to cease promoting hashish to leisure customers, she’s going to.

“Not solely do our medical sufferers have a necessity, they’re those who constructed up these companies. They’re those who constructed this business,” she mentioned. “So I feel we now have an moral duty to maintain them, similar to they’ve taken care of us.”

How huge the leisure marijuana market can be is unclear. A University of Montana study cited survey outcomes from 2017 and 2018 that discovered about 14% of Montana adults mentioned they used hashish within the earlier month, in contrast with 9% of adults nationally.

Petersen and others mentioned extra folks may grow to be leisure customers as soon as hashish merchandise that may be smoked or eaten grow to be simpler to purchase.

Turner mentioned that she and her staff have been working for months to ensure they’ve sufficient marijuana however that she’s nonetheless nervous concerning the provide. There are limits, each legally and financially, on how a lot a supplier can develop, she mentioned.

Outlets will get some assist, she mentioned, with the state’s wholesale market opening in January, that means that dispensaries will be capable to promote to at least one one other in bulk.

Erin Bolster, proprietor of Tamarack Hashish, mentioned she thinks the actual check of marijuana provides will are available in summer time, when thousands and thousands of vacationers go to Yellowstone and Glacier nationwide parks for the primary season by which marijuana is totally legalized. (Justin Franz for KHN)

Though many dispensaries — particularly in school cities such as Missoula and Bozeman — are bracing for shortages this month, Erin Bolster mentioned she thinks the actual check of marijuana provides will come in the summertime, when thousands and thousands of vacationers go to Yellowstone and Glacier nationwide parks.

Bolster owns Tamarack Hashish within the Flathead Valley, a well-liked vacationer vacation spot not removed from Glacier Nationwide Park. In summer time 2020, lengthy earlier than dispensaries may promote leisure hashish, Bolster mentioned, she would get one or two walk-ins and two or three calls a day from vacationers who had heard Montana had legalized adult-use marijuana and needed to see if they might purchase.

Come summer time, she thinks, the variety of clients will skyrocket. That would imply much more competitors for Montana’s medical marijuana there and in different fashionable locations.

“We’ve been in a position to increase manufacturing,” Bolster mentioned. “However the query is ‘Did we increase sufficient?’”