October 3, 2022
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MADRID — Oriol Bohigas, a Spanish architect and concrete planner who helped flip Barcelona, his residence metropolis, into one of many essential tourism locations of the Mediterranean, died on Nov. 30 at his residence there. He was 95.

His loss of life was confirmed by his son Josep Bohigas, who added that his father had had Parkinson’s illness for a number of years.

Working for Barcelona’s metropolis authorities, Mr. Bohigas was one of many masterminds of the town’s overhaul in preparation for the 1992 Olympic Video games, significantly the transformation of its seafront, which had grow to be a derelict industrial space.

In partnership with two different architects, he designed a brand new yachting port, which hosted the Olympic crusing competitions, in addition to a public park and a village to deal with the athletes, often called the Vila Olimpica. Town rehabilitated nearly three miles of the seafront as seashores, and the realm grew to become a preferred residential neighborhood as soon as the Video games had completed.

Pere Aragonès, the regional chief of Catalonia, paid tribute to Mr. Bohigas on Twitter, calling him the “nice transformer of Barcelona.”

The impression of the Summer time Olympics on Barcelona was a mannequin for London and different cities that later hosted the occasion, whereas Mr. Bohigas and his companions used their success as a springboard so as to add buildings and assist redesign different components of Barcelona, together with its run-down Raval neighborhood. A few of their landmark tasks overhauled unused infrastructure, like the military barracks that grew to become the brand new campus of Barcelona’s Pompeu Fabra College, which opened in 2000.

Mr. Bohigas “was elementary not solely within the transformation of Barcelona however in our understanding of cities,” Martha Thorne, the dean of the IE Faculty of Structure and Design in Madrid, stated by e mail. “His concepts of city acupuncture — small actions over time that may very well be understood as half of a complete, together with new squares and small inexperienced areas — have been embraced by the residents and made a constructive impression on neighborhoods.”

Though Mr. Bohigas saved his deal with Barcelona, he additionally contributed to the opposite main worldwide occasion held in Spain in 1992: Expo ’92, in Seville, for which he and his companions constructed a pavilion. It was left deserted for many years afterward, however it was reopened this 12 months because the new home of the regional archives.

He and his companions additionally undertook tasks in Germany, France and Italy, in addition to Latin America. These included a block of residences on Kochstrasse in Berlin, a lodge in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, and the city planning for brand spanking new neighborhoods within the cities of Aix-en-Provence in France and Salerno in Italy.

Oriol Bohigas Guardiola was born on Dec. 20, 1925, in Barcelona. His father, Pere Bohigas, labored for the Metropolis of Barcelona and briefly managed the town’s theater college. His mom, María Guardiola, was a homemaker.

Mr. Bohigas enrolled at Barcelona’s college of structure in 1943, simply as Gen. Francisco Franco was consolidating his dictatorship after successful the Spanish Civil Conflict. Mr. Bohigas was appointed director of the structure college in 1977, shortly after Franco’s loss of life. He thought-about it a part of his life’s mission to free structure and concrete planning from the conservative rigidity of Franco’s dictatorship, and to return Barcelona to the type of revolutionary considering related to the principle cultural actions that reshaped the town within the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

“I do not forget that I spent my complete structure research, which I completed in 1951, solely listening to folks speak about classical structure and defend ultraconservatism, in each facet.” he recalled in an interview in 2010. “We discovered nothing about up to date structure. Sure, I imagine my technology is the one which made efforts to get well the modernity that was misplaced within the first stage of Franco.”

In 1951, Mr. Bohigas joined with two different architects, Josep Martorell and David Mackay, to arrange a agency that took its identify from the initials of their surnames: MBM. The agency gained prominence in 1974 with an award-winning project to construct a faculty, known as Thau, with out lecture rooms and with as few partitions as potential.

His ultimate vital mission was the constructing for Barcelona’s Design Museum, which opened in 2014. However like an earlier MBM mission to increase the flagship Barcelona retailer of the Spanish retailer El Corte Ingles, the design museum didn’t please all people; a journey article in The New York Instances, describing the constructing as a “squat, zinc-clad construction with entrance and rear cantilevers,” famous that it “hasn’t precisely been celebrated for its exterior kind,” including, “Some have taken to calling it ‘the Stapler.’”

Mr. Bohigas was proud by no means to have joined a political get together, however he espoused left-wing concepts and held completely different jobs in Barcelona’s metropolis authorities — in city planning within the Eighties after which because the official in control of Barcelona’s tradition ministry within the early Nineties, when the town hosted the Olympics. He additionally backed the secessionist motion in Catalonia that began to assemble momentum a decade in the past.

His involvement in Barcelona’s cultural life prolonged nicely past Metropolis Corridor. He was a founding father of the publishing home Edicions 62. Within the Eighties, he was president of the Foundation Joan Miró, which was created by the painter for whom it’s named, and which has a museum in Barcelona that displays his works. He was additionally president of the Ateneo Barcelonés, one of many metropolis’s most influential cultural associations, stepping down in 2011 after eight years within the publish.

Along with his son Josep, Mr. Bohigas is survived by his spouse, Isabel Arnau, from whom he was separated; 4 different kids from their marriage, Gloria, María, Eulalia and Pere; 9 grandchildren; one great-granddaughter; and his companion, Beth Galí.

Lately, Mr. Bohigas was essential of many features of Barcelona’s improvement, together with the extension of the town’s Broadway-style thoroughfare, a mission often called Diagonal Mar. And he lamented the rise of property hypothesis in Barcelona and defended the proper of squatters to reside in deserted buildings.

“It’s clear,” he said in 2010, simply as Spain was sinking right into a banking disaster triggered by unhealthy property loans, “{that a} society that has so many empty homes and so many individuals with out a house is a sick society that faces an issue when it comes to sharing its private and non-private property.”

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